How much gold do you throw away when you throw was

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Throw away waste paper casually, how much gold is thrown away

Guangdong's waste paper imports account for nearly half of the country

it is urgent to establish and improve the waste paper recycling system and strengthen citizens' awareness of environmental protection

how many waste newspapers and packaging boxes we throw away casually every day are recycled? The answer is: only 30%

China is the second largest paper consumer in the world, and the domestic waste paper recovery rate is far lower than the world average of 43.7%. As high as 14million tons of waste paper can not be effectively recycled every year

a statistical report from the customs shows that the import of waste paper at Guangdong ports has shown a trend of rapid growth year after year, accounting for nearly half of the national import volume

why do we import a lot of waste paper while lying in the pile of waste paper we threw down? Experts believe that the key lies in the failure to establish a waste paper recycling system in line with international standards. We must speed up the establishment of national printed statements: if the experimental results need to be printed, the sorting, management, utilization and classification standards of waste paper inside; Citizens must be made to establish such environmental awareness: even if they don't sell money, they should also hand over waste paper to the recycling department and never throw it away as garbage

1 foreign waste paper beat local waste paper

Guangdong imported waste paper increased by 40% annually, with the consumption reaching 5.56 million tons last year

last year, the import volume of waste paper at Guangdong port was 5.561 million tons, while in 2002 it was only 2.074 million tons, with an annual increase of more than 40%! According to the latest statistics of the customs, the import of waste paper at Guangdong port continued to grow at a high speed by 41.1% this month, and the average import price was $137/ton. The customs analysis report points out that the United States and the European Union have long become the main sources of waste paper imported from Guangdong, and the waste paper imported from Canada has also surged 6.5 times this year

the signal amplification factor of waste paper can be changed by adjusting the potentiometer. The large increase in consumption is caused by the vigorous development of domestic publishing and packaging industry in recent years and the strong demand for paper and paperboard. The average annual growth rate of the paper industry has reached about 13%. The appreciation of the RMB has reduced the cost of imported equipment, and many paper-making enterprises have increased capital to introduce production lines. There is a serious shortage of domestic papermaking fiber raw materials. Putting the experimental sheet on the fulcrum table and pressing the experimental sheet from the top with the indenter has increasingly become the "favorite" raw materials of major paper mills. However, the domestic waste paper recovery rate has been hovering around 30% for a long time, and the quality of waste paper is not high due to the lack of classification, which is naturally inferior to the foreign waste paper with sufficient supply and good quality

2 foreign garbage and fake waste paper are mixed into the country

China's demand has increased year after year, and imported waste paper is "hung up for sale"

insiders pointed out that imported waste paper is good and cheap, and domestic paper enterprises are increasingly dependent on imported waste paper. At present, the proportion of imported waste paper in paper fiber raw materials in coastal areas, including Guangdong Province, has reached 60% - 70%. As China's demand has increased year after year, foreign waste paper has also been "hung up for sale", and the price of waste paper in the international market has continued to rise

customs officials pointed out that only 5N of excessive full load is dependent on imported waste paper, which weakens the competitiveness of domestic waste paper pulp and correspondingly limits the domestic waste paper recycling. At the same time, the dependence on foreign waste paper has deepened the dependence on high priced imported papermaking equipment. It is understood that a large paper-making enterprise in Guangdong needs all imported waste paper as the paper-making raw materials, and the matching paper-making equipment is also imported. Imported equipment has high requirements on the classification of waste paper, and often only imported waste paper can be used instead of local waste paper as raw materials. No wonder some people have begun to worry that if imported waste paper is matched with imported equipment, and this cycle continues, China will eventually become a global waste paper treatment center

the boom in imported waste paper has led to a gradual increase in waste paper smuggling cases in the past two years, making it more difficult to supervise imported waste paper. According to the Huangpu Customs, the Customs has intercepted smuggled waste paper many times in recent months. Some were imported in the name of waste paper, which was actually full of containers of foreign garbage. According to the Guangdong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, the inspection and Quarantine Department of the Bureau has frequently found pests in imported waste paper in the past year, and the quarantine pressure has increased significantly

3 Chinese people "throw away" tens of millions of tons every year

China's low recycling rate of waste paper and imperfect classification is the main reason

China is the world's second largest paper consumer, but the recycling rate of waste paper is only 30%, far below the world average of 43.7%, and as high as 14million tons of waste paper can not be effectively recycled every year. In response to this strange phenomenon, Zhan Huaiyu, vice president of Guangdong papermaking association and professor of South China University of technology, said, "the imperfect classification is the primary reason."

according to him, domestic waste paper is only roughly divided into three types: books, newspapers and cardboard. There is no strict waste paper recycling segmentation system, resulting in huge waste. In contrast, there are 50 waste paper classification standards in the United States, and the recovery rate of waste paper is 46%. The recycling rate of waste paper in Germany, which also has detailed classification, has exceeded 70%, and that in Japan has exceeded 65%

Chinese people are used to throwing waste paper into the garbage can at will, but they don't know that this casualness also increases the difficulty of waste paper recycling. Because most of these waste papers are buried in landfills as ordinary garbage. Only when these waste papers are picked out by collectors and scavengers and sent to waste paper purchase stations and enter trade channels, can waste paper become industrial raw materials instead of garbage

Zhan Huaiyu believes that because the classification is too coarse, the content of domestic recycled waste paper is very complex, and even filled with sediment. "These waste paper can only be used as auxiliary materials in the paper mill." It is reported that the lack of classification makes the pulp produced by domestic waste paper mostly straw pulp or wood pulp mixture, and the wood pulp fiber is less, which is difficult to meet the requirements of high-end paper and packaging paper. No wonder paper-making enterprises have moved away from imported waste paper as raw materials

4 relying on the "junk king" to collect waste paper is out of date

new concept: large environmental companies, waste paper sorting and distribution sites...

Professor Zhan Huaiyu, who once lived in the United States, was impressed by the local waste paper recycling system. "Every household consciously classifies waste paper and places it at the designated place on the roadside, and the environmental protection company sends special personnel to collect it. These are powerful large companies with a strong ability to deal with waste by categories." Zhan Huaiyu said that to solve the problems of low recycling rate and low quality of waste paper in China, first of all, citizens should strengthen their awareness of environmental protection. Even if they don't sell money, they should also hand over waste paper to the recycling department and never throw it away as garbage. Secondly, the current situation of waste paper recycling operators in the province, which are generally small in scale, backward in technology and lack of management, must be changed. There is no strong recycling classification enterprise, there are few waste paper recycling points, low recycling prices and poor economic benefits, which obviously make the continuation of the waste paper recycling industry weak

Mr. Huang in Guangzhou specializes in newspaper and waste recycling. He has worked in this industry for more than ten years. He said with emotion that there are many people engaged in this business in Guangzhou, and only fiveorsix of them are really large, while others are small, some are simply mom and pop stores. Mr. Huang said that small-scale companies or individuals are difficult to have the strength to classify in detail. They often don't look at the quality. They gather a cart of waste paper and send it to the paper mill. The paper mill is also too lazy to re classify, and simply spot check whether there is irrigation or sand and gravel. Of course, the waste paper obtained in this way can't be used as the raw material of high-grade paper

Zhan Huaiyu said that domestic waste paper recycling still relies on the "junk king" all over urban and rural areas, which has long fallen behind. In western countries, waste paper operators are often large environmental companies, or even multinational enterprises, with special waste paper sorting and packaging sites. These packing yards include not only large cars that pull waste paper, but also waste paper classification, crushing equipment and large packing machines. Each assembly and dispersion site has twoorthree production lines, equipped with managers and sevenoreight or ten workers. Specifically pick out the garbage in the waste paper, and sort and pack the waste paper. These large companies and domestic "junk collection" are not the same concept at all

5 Guangdong urgently needs to improve the waste paper recycling classification system

support and encouragement. The important thing is to cultivate several leading large enterprises

"waste paper recycling is a public utility after all, and the government should issue some guiding policies to support and encourage its development in terms of Taxation, and the important thing is to cultivate several leading large enterprises." Zhan Huaiyu said that as one of the important industries in Guangdong, the paper industry will still get considerable development during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan". In this case, the pace of waste paper recycling cannot lag behind

however, the current tax policy stipulates that there is no tariff on imported pulp and waste paper, which just stimulates the import of waste paper. On the other hand, when foreign-funded enterprises use domestic waste paper as processing raw materials and send finished paper or packaging boxes to downstream foreign-funded enterprises, it is now stipulated that no value-added tax deduction is given, and no value-added tax can be refunded for direct export, which precisely limits the utilization of domestic waste paper. In contrast, German waste paper collectors receive subsidies of more than 50million euros a year, and the policies for waste paper recycling are very different

on the one hand, the import of waste paper is increasing, and on the other hand, there is a huge waste of waste paper resources. Many people of insight call for: we should enact a set of waste paper recycling laws and regulations that meet China's national conditions and are in line with international standards as soon as possible through legislation, and strengthen the formulation of domestic waste paper sorting, management, utilization and classification standards as soon as possible. At the same time, we should learn from the successful experience of foreign countries and give preferential policies to the purchase of waste products, so that waste recycling can embark on the road of enterprise management. Li Jianhua, chairman of Huatai Group, proposed to form a "four in one" waste paper recycling and classification system with the participation of residents, community cleaners, property management companies and city appearance and environmental sanitation management departments. The environmental sanitation department should establish a special waste paper recycling management organization to actively promote the construction of sorting centers

source: Yangcheng Evening News

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